Comparative Literature fosters the study of literary relations across national, linguistic, cultural, and temporal boundaries, and examines literature in its interaction with other cultural forms. Its ultimate goal is an understanding of literary and cultural productions as global phenomena.

The comparative approach promotes an investigation of the nature and role of literature by exploring its multifaceted output, by focusing on connections, exchanges, analogies and differences between works, authors, periods or genres, and by engaging literature in a dialogue with other disciplines, from history and politics, sociology, linguistics and translation studies through philosophy, visual arts, music and film studies.