Global and Comparative Literature studies literature across national, linguistic, cultural, and temporal boundaries. It examines literature in its interaction with other cultural forms. Its ultimate goal is an understanding of literary and cultural productions as global phenomena.

The comparative approach focuses on connections, exchanges, analogies, and differences between works, authors, periods or genres and engages literature in a dialogue with other disciplines, from history and politics, sociology, linguistics and translation studies through philosophy, visual arts, music and film studies.